APUSH Unit VI Key Terms

1. Thomas Edison

2. Populism/People’s Party; failure of

3. William Jennings Bryan

4. “Cross of Gold” speech

5. “Big Business”

6. Immigration/”New Immigrants”

7. Nativism

8. Domesticity

9. sewing machine

10. mechanization

11. urbanization; water and sewage in urban areas; tenements; internal migration

12. The Knights of Labor

13. The Molly Maguires

14. The American Federation of Labor

15. The Industrial Workers of the World

16. The National Labor Union

17. Panic of 1873, 1893 and business cycle

18. Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 (intent v. use)

19. Pooling and rebating

20. Education reform

21. Tariff policy

22. Horizontal integration

23. Vertical integration

24. Social Darwinism

25. The “Gospel of Wealth”

26. The Social Gospel

27. Cooperatives

28. Oligopolies

29. “blue-collar” workers v. “white collar”

30. Anarchists

31. Bessemer process

32. eight hour workday

33. The “New South”

34. Jim Crow

35. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

36. Collective bargaining

37. deflation (v. inflation)

38. Economies of scale

39. telephone

40. electric light

41. motion picture

42. mimeograph machine

43. record player

44. Pendleton Act (civil service act)

45. Indian wars, e.g., Sioux War (1875-1876), Little Big Horn, Wounded Knee

46. Dawes Act of 1887/ “Ghost Dance”

47. The Grange

48. Farmers’ Alliance

49. Sherman Silver Purchase Act in 1890

50. William Jennings Bryan

51. “Mugwumps”

52. Eugene V. Debs

53. Pullman strike

54. Political machine

55. Homestead Strike

56. Haymarket Square Riot

57. Chinese Exclusion Act

58. WCTU

59. Coinage Act of 1873

60. Specie Resumption Act of 1875

61. Interstate Commerce Act

62. A Century of Dishonor (Helen Hunt Jackson)

63. Coin’s Financial School

64. women’s suffrage

65. Horatio Alger

66. in re Debs, 1895

67. The Turner Thesis

68. Wabash v. Illinois (1886)

69. “bread and butter” unionism

70. Characteristics of Gilded Age politics; voter turnout, party affiliation; corruption; Tweed Ring; Whiskey Ring; Credit Mobilier

71. Railroads; as “big business”; land grants and loans to

72. U.S. Government budget/revenue

73. Open range cattle ranching/cowboys

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