APUSH Unit IV Key Terms

1. The American Colonization Society

2. The Seneca Falls Convention/Elizabeth Cady Stanton

3. Frederick Douglass

4. The Grimke Sisters

5. William Lloyd Garrison/ The Liberator

6. Missouri Compromise

7. Wilmot Proviso

8. Mexican Cession

9. Whig Party

10. Democratic Party

11. Presidential elections, 1824-1860 (esp. 1824, 1828, 1840, 1844)

12. The “Corrupt Bargain”

13. Ostend Manifesto

14. the “peculiar institution”

15. American Antislavery Society

16. Charles River Bridge v. Warren River Bridge (1837)

17. slave labor v. free labor

18. cotton gin

19. interchangeable parts

20. Manifest Destiny

21. James K. Polk

22. The Mexican War

23. “Tariff of Abominations”

24. Nullification/secession /compact theory

25. Universal white male suffrage

26. American Party Systems (esp. Democrat/Whig and Republican/Democrat)

27. Elias Howe

28. Cyrus McCormick

29. Eli Whitney

30. Samuel Morse

31. Robert Fulton

32. “54° 40’or fight”

33. “Trail of Tears”

34. the Oregon trail

35. the Alamo

36. Specie Circular

37. Second Bank of the U.S

38. “Bank War”

39. “Jacksonian Democracy”

40. National nominating conventions

41. Political patronage or the spoils system

42. Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842)

43. John C. Calhoun

44. the “Lowell System”

45. the “American System” of Henry Clay

46. laissez faire

47. the “Know-Nothing” party

48. Abolitionists

49. Utopian communities/founders: New Harmony, Brook Farm Oneida

50. “fire-eaters”

51. Panics of 1819, 1837

52. Second Great Awakening

53. The Transportation Revolution

54. Turnpikes

55. The Market Revolution

56. Brigham Young/Mormons

57. “mountain men”

58. “pet banks”

59. “separate spheres”

60. Alexis de Tocqueville (Democracy in America)

61. Hudson River School

62. “Locofocos”

63. “gag rule”

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